Morocco is situated in the North-west of the African continent with a population over than 33,757,175. It has a coast on the Atlantic Ocean. Morocco has international borders with Algeria to the east, Spain to the north (a water border through the Strait and land borders with two small Spanish autonomous cities, Ceuta and Melilla), and Mauritania to the south. It is one of the Maghrib union countries along with Algeria, Tunisia, Mauritania, and Libya. So the fact that Morocco is situated in a strategic location at the crossroad of Africa, Europe, and Middle East, has made it an open country to different cultures and linguistic characters, which have left different traces some of which are considered to have positive effects, and some of which may be considered negative.
Historically speaking, Morocco is characterised by various events, but the most important event is the Islamic conquests in the 7th century and since then Moroccans started to learn Arabic due to religion issue sine it is the language of the Quran. In addition to the Islamic conquests, Morocco officially faced the French protectorate in 1912, and from that time French language has started to invade Moroccan administrative spheres and make its space in educational system. Morocco has two official languages in the Moroccan constitution (Tamazight & Arabic). Arabic itself has two varieties: Classical Arabic (language of Quran), and Dareja which is a popular dialect between Arab people . The majority of Morocco’s inhabitants use Tamazight language as their mother tongue.
Morocco has been linked to both an island and a palm tree. For it is all but surrounded by three seas- the Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the sand sea of the Sahara- and like the desert palm, though rooted in Africa, it is watered by Islam and rustled by the winds of Europe. Morocco has an exoticism all its own. Whatever your experience of the Latin temper of southern Europeans, the heady lifestyle of Morocco is more dramatic. From the moment you land, adventure assails you. In simple transactions, such as buying a kilo of Oranges, there is unexpected drama, humour and competitive gamesmanship
Moroccan people are usually open-minded, easy going…they are known with their openness, warmth, humorous minds, and sociability. During your tours in Morocco you will explore the hospitality, and the nice culture of ordinary inhabitants. Culturally speaking, Morocco is an ethnically diverse country with a rich culture and civilization. Throughout Moroccan history, the indigenous people Morocco (Amazigh) hosted many nations (Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Jews and Arabs), South (Sub-Saharan Africans) and North (Romans, Vandals, Andalusia's (including Moors and Jews)). All those civilizations have had an impact on the social structure of Morocco. It conceived various forms of beliefs, from paganism, Judaism, and Christianity to Islam .
Each region possesses its own specificities, thus contributing to the national culture and to the legacy of civilization. Morocco has set among its top priorities the protection of its diverse legacy and the preservation of its cultural heritage .
Morocco has always been successful in combining its Berber, Jewish and Arabic cultural heritage with external influences such as the French and the Spanish.